Cuadernos de Economía

ISSN : 0210-0266

The Role of Covid-19 Pandemic on the Banking Sector Performance in China: Moderating Role of Institutional Support

  • Hadir H Shubbar , College of Administration and Economics-Department of Banking and Finance-University of Al-Qadisiya, Ministry of Higher Education and scientific research, Republic of Iraq
  • Aqeel Jebur Ali , Financial Boss/ College of Arts -University of Baghdad, Ministry of Higher Education and scientific research, Republic of Iraq
  • Rakhmonov Abubakr Khasanovich , Candidate of Economics, Senior researcher, Institute for Demographic Research – Branch of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia


Covid-19 Pandemic, Lockdown, Social Distancing, Government Policies, Banking Performance, Institutional Support.


In light of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, there is a pressing need for comprehensive examinations into its profound impact on organizational efficacy, warranting focused research endeavours. Consequently, this current study undertakes an investigation into the multifaceted ramifications of COVID-19, including lockdown measures, social distancing protocols, and governmental interventions, on the operational performance of the banking sector within China. Furthermore, the study explores the moderating influence of institutional support amidst these aforementioned factors and their effects on banking performance. Methodologically, data were collected through survey questionnaires administered to personnel within the banking industry. Employing smart-PLS analysis, the study assessed the validity of the data and elucidated the interrelationships among the variables under scrutiny. The findings indicate a detrimental association between lockdown measures, social distancing protocols, governmental policies, and banking performance in China. Additionally, the results underscore the positive moderating role of institutional support amidst these challenges. The implications of this study extend to policymakers, offering insights for the formulation of strategies aimed at bolstering banking performance amidst the adverse impacts of COVID-19, facilitated by robust institutional backing.